This tutorial will give you enough ingredients to start with HTML from where you can HTML ii. Table of Contents. About the Tutorial. . HTML – BASIC TAGS. Use a text editor to author an HTML document. ▫ Be able to use basic tags to denote paragraphs, emphasis or special type. ▫ Create hyperlinks to other. HTML Tags Chart. To use any of the following HTML tags, simply select the HTML code you'd like and copy and paste it into your web page. Tag. Name.
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CSS code. The HTML code is shown in blue and CSS .. brackets — these are called HTML elements. Elements .. more books and online tutorials that teach. Download this updated HTML cheat sheet and have all HTML tags in one place ( new HTML5 tags Hostinger Tutorials Still, having all the important tags in just one place – HTML cheat sheet, could save you plenty of time. a file named thetwestperlnetself.ml or thetwestperlnetself.ml is marked as a Web page. picture .jpg but you mistakenly set the SRC attribute of the IMG tag to point to.
As the title suggests, this article will give you a basic understanding of HTML and its functions. So what is HTML? HTML is not a programming language; it is a markup language that defines the structure of your content.
HTML consists of a series of elements , which you use to enclose, or wrap, different parts of the content to make it appear a certain way, or act a certain way.
The enclosing tags can make a word or image hyperlink to somewhere else, can italicize words, can make the font bigger or smaller, and so on. The main parts of our element are as follows: The opening tag: This consists of the name of the element in this case, p , wrapped in opening and closing angle brackets.
This states where the element begins or starts to take effect — in this case where the paragraph begins. The closing tag: This is the same as the opening tag, except that it includes a forward slash before the element name. This states where the element ends — in this case where the paragraph ends.
Failing to add a closing tag is one of the standard beginner errors and can lead to strange results. The content: This is the content of the element, which in this case, is just text. The class attribute allows you to give the element an identifier that can be used later to target the element with style information and other things. An attribute should always have the following: A space between it and the element name or the previous attribute, if the element already has one or more attributes.
The attribute value wrapped by opening and closing quotation marks. Nesting elements You can put elements inside other elements too — this is called nesting.
If they overlap as shown above, then your web browser will try to make the best guess at what you were trying to say, which can lead to unexpected results. So don't do it! Empty elements Some elements have no content and are called empty elements.
This is because an image element doesn't wrap content to affect it. Its purpose is to embed an image in the HTML page in the place it appears. Now we'll look at how individual elements are combined to form an entire HTML page. Let's revisit the code we put into our index.
It is required preamble. However these days, they don't do much, and are basically just needed to make sure your document behaves correctly.
That's all you need to know for now. This element wraps all the content on the entire page and is sometimes known as the root element. Essentially, it can now handle any textual content you might put on it.
This sets the title of your page, which is the title that appears in the browser tab the page is loaded in. It does this via the src source attribute, which contains the path to our image file.
We have also included an alt alternative attribute. Users with significant visual impairments often use tools called screen readers to read out the alt text to them. Something has gone wrong causing the image not to display.
For example, try deliberately changing the path inside your src attribute to make it incorrect. If you save and reload the page, you should see something like this in place of the image: The keywords for alt text are "descriptive text".
The alt text you write should provide the reader with enough information to have a good idea of what the image conveys. A much better alternative for our Firefox logo would be "The Firefox logo: a flaming fox surrounding the Earth. Find out more about accessibility in our accessibility learning module.
Marking up text This section will cover some of the essential HTML elements you'll use for marking up the text. Headings Heading elements allow you to specify that certain parts of your content are headings — or subheadings.
Note: You'll see that your heading level 1 has an implicit style. Don't use heading elements to make text bigger or bold, because they are used for accessibility and other reasons such as SEO.
Try to create a meaningful sequence of headings on your pages, without skipping levels. Marking up lists always consist of at least 2 elements.
The most common list types are ordered and unordered lists: Unordered lists are for lists where the order of the items doesn't matter, such as a shopping list. Ordered lists are for lists where the order of the items does matter, such as a recipe.
Links Links are very important — they are what makes the web a web! We chose the text "Mozilla Manifesto". After making a link, click it to make sure it is sending you where you wanted it to. If you are having trouble remembering it, remember that it stands for hypertext reference. Add a link to your page now, if you haven't already done so. Conclusion If you have followed all the instructions in this article, you should end up with a page that looks like the one below you can also view it here : If you get stuck, you can always compare your work with our finished example code on GitHub.
Here, we have only really scratched the surface of HTML.